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Thru Revelation chapter sixteen

Thru Revelation chapter sixteen

“What will take place later (after the Rapture of the Church)?” - Chapters 4 - 22

By Ron Bedell


(I used The Grace New Testament Commentary and The Bible Knowledge Commentary extensively. I quoted the verses from: King James Version (KJV), New American Standard Bible (NASB), and New International Version - NIV. What I have covered here is small compared to what you will learn from both these commentaries.)


Revelation chapters 1 – 3 cover a period of time before the Rapture of the Church.

Revelation chapters 4 – 22 cover a period of time after the Rapture of the Church – the End Times.


Knowing that he has but a small window of opportunity, Satan works furiously to try to destroy the nation Israel and to defeat the purposes of God.


Three parenthesis or Interludes in Revelation


Revelation 7:1-17 is the first parenthesis or interlude (144,000 and many martyrs)

Revelation 10:1-11:2 is the second parenthesis or interlude (mighty angel and the scroll) 

Revelation 11:3-13 is the third parenthesis or interlude (God’s two witnesses)


God’s Bowl Judgment’s (Revelation 16)




Chronologically chapter 16 is close to the time of the second coming of Christ, and the judgments described fall in rapid succession. Alfred says, “there can be no doubt here, not only that the series reaches on to the time of the end, but that the whole of it is to be placed close to the same time.” Daniel indicated that these closing days of the Tribulation will be a time of world war (Daniel 11:36-45). World events are now pictured by John as rapidly coming to their climax. (The Bible Knowledge Commentary, NT, p. 966)


God’s seven bowl judgments:


<!--<if !supportLists>-->1.       <!--<endif>-->The First Bowl (Revelation 16:1-2: dangerous sore)


In this first bowl judgment, God releases a very foul and loathsome sore or boil to come upon all the people who have the Mark of the Beast. Notice that this plague is not released on any of His saints/believers who are still living at this time. Here are the verses:


And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven angels, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth.


And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the Mark of the Beast, and upon them which worshipped his image. (Revelation 16:1-2)


<!--<if !supportLists>-->2.       <!--<endif>-->The Second Bowl (Revelation 16:3: all oceans are turned into blood)


In this bowl judgment, God causes the entire sea (all the oceans) to turn to blood and every living creature in the sea is killed as a result.


After the second Trumpet blew God turned a third of the oceans into blood and a third of the living creatures in the oceans died (8:8-9). In this second Bowl, however, every living animal in all the oceans dies.


Here is the verse:


“And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man: and every living soul died in the sea.” (Revelation 16:3)


<!--<if !supportLists>-->3.       <!--<endif>-->The Third Bowl (Revelation 16:4-7: all the earth’s sources of drinking water, rivers and springs are turned to blood)


In this bowl judgment, God now comes after all the rivers and springs and turns them all into blood. Also notice that an angel then makes the statement that the reason God is doing this is to pay back with vengeance those who have killed His prophets and saints. He says that God is now giving them blood to drink since these people spilled the blood of His saints and that this is now their just due. Again, just imagine that all of the oceans, rivers, and springs on this earth will now be turned into nothing but pure blood.


Just as the third Trumpet made one third of the spring waters poison (8:11) so the third Bowl extends the judgment of the second Bowl on the sea to rivers and springs and they become blood. God’s judgments are intensifying with the Bowls.


Here are the verses:


And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.

And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus.

For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy.

And I heard another out of the altar say, Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments. (Revelation 16:4-7)


<!--<if !supportLists>-->4.       <!--<endif>-->The Fourth Bowl (Revelation 16:8-9: heat of the sun scorches men)


In this judgment, in an effort to really turn up the heat so to speak, God literally does exactly that! He allows the heat of the sun to scorch those with the Mark of the Beast with great heat. And you will also notice that after this event occurs, along with all of the oceans, rivers, and springs being turned into blood that people still refuse to repent and trust Christ as their Savior. This verse tells us that people are still cursing and blaspheming God through all of this instead of repenting and trusting Jesus Christ as their Savior.


Here are the verses:


And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire.

And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory. (Revelation 16:8-9)


<!--<if !supportLists>-->5.      <!--<endif>-->The Fifth Bowl (Revelation 16:10-11: the target of the fifth Bowl is the throne of the anti-Christ and his kingdom)


 In this judgment, God goes directly after the Antichrist along with his kingdom. God causes total darkness to fall upon his kingdom. This verse also tells us that the people are still being plagued by the boils and sores from the first bowl judgment and that they are in extreme pain because of all of this. And once again, even after this judgment falls, these people are still refusing to repent and trust the Lord Jesus Christ as their Savior. Unbelievable!


Here are the verses:


And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain,

And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds. (Revelation 16:10-11)


<!--<if !supportLists>-->6.       <!--<endif>-->The Sixth Bowl (Revelation 16:12-16: Euphrates River dried up to prepare the way for the Battle of Armageddon)


In this judgment, two things will happen. The Euphrates River is allowed to dry up so as to prepare the way for the kings of the east to come for the last and final battle on planet earth – the battle of Armageddon. The kings of the east are China and several other Asian nations. The second thing that occurs is that three demons, which proceed out of the mouths of the Devil, the Antichrist, and False Prophet, are allowed by God to go out to all of the kings of the earth to deceive them and to bring them to the Battle of Armageddon. Talk about sheep being led to the slaughter!


Here are the verses:


12 And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared.

13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet.

14 For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.

15 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.

16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.

 (Revelation 16:12-16)


<!--<if !supportLists>-->7.       <!--<endif>-->The Seventh Bowl (Revelation 16:17-21: “It is done&rdquoWink


The seventh angel poured out his Bowl into the air. John heard a loud voice from the Throne saying, “It is done!” A similar pronouncement followed the seventh Trumpet (11:15-19). Here also John saw lightning flashes and heard thunder which was followed by a severe earthquake felt worldwide (16:18).John was then informed that this will be the greatest earthquake of all time. And the resulting description indicates that it will affect the entire earth with the possible exception of the land of Israel. The great city which is split in three parts (in verse 19) refers to Babylon. The most important event, however, is that the cities of the Gentile nations collapsed. The huge earthquake will reduce to rubble all the cities of the Gentile nations. The stage is thus being set for the Second Coming of Christ. Obviously in the collapse of the worlds cities there will be tremendous loss of life and destruction of what is left of the world empire.


The question is sometimes raised why eternal punishment is eternal. The answer is that people in their hardness of their hearts will not repent and trust Christ as their Savior; they desire eternal punishment because they are eternally unrepentant. With the final destruction coming from the seventh Bowl of the wrath of God, the stage will be set for the dramatic and climatic Second Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, revealed in chapter 19. Before this event, however a future detailed description is given of Babylon in chapters 17-18. (The Bible Knowledge Commentary, NT, p. 969)


Here are the verses:


17 And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done.

18 And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great.

19 And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath.

20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.

21 And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.

 (Revelation 16:17-21)



“The 7 bowls of God’s anger - Revelation 16:1-21


v1 Then I heard a loud voice from the *temple. It said to the 7 *angels, ‘Go. Pour out the 7 bowls of the anger of God onto the earth.’

v2 The first *angel went. He emptied the contents of his bowl onto the earth. Sore spots, terrible and painful, came on the people who had the mark of the *beast. These spots came on all who *worshipped the image of the *beast.

v3 The second *angel poured the contents of his bowl into the sea. The water in the sea became like the blood of a dead person. Everything that lived in the sea died.

v4 The third *angel emptied the contents of his bowl into the rivers and streams. All the water became blood. v5 Then I heard the *angel, who has power over water. He said to God, ‘You are the holy God. You are alive now and you have always lived. You are right to send these troubles onto the earth. v6 People killed and poured out the blood of your people and your *prophets. So now, you have given them blood to drink. This is what they deserve.’

v7 I heard a voice from the *altar. The voice said, ‘Yes, *Lord God all-powerful. The way you punished these evil people was right and fair.’

v8 The fourth (4th) *angel poured the contents of his bowl onto the sun. And God allowed the sun to burn people with the heat of its fire. v9 The extreme heat of the sun caused the people to receive terrible burns. And they cursed the name of God who had power over these awful troubles. They would not turn from their *sins and they would not praise God’s greatness.

v10 The fifth (5th) *angel poured out the contents of his bowl on the *throne of the *beast. The place where he ruled as king became completely dark. And people bit their tongues because of their pain. v11 They cursed the God who rules in heaven because of their pain. But they would not turn from their evil ways.

v12 The sixth (6th) *angel poured out the contents of his bowl. He poured it on the large river called Euphrates. The river dried up, to prepare the way for the kings who come from the east. v13 Then I saw three *demons that were like *frogs. One came out of the mouth of the *dragon. One came out of the mouth of the first *beast. The third one came out of the mouth of the false *prophet. v14 These were *demons. They had the power to do great things. They went to all the kings on the earth. They brought the kings together for the battle of the great day of God. There they will fight against God, who is all-powerful.

v15 The *Lord says, ‘Listen. I will come as a thief comes. Happy is the person who stays awake with his clothes ready. That person will not walk about naked. He will not be ashamed when other people look at him.’

v16 Then the *demons brought the kings together to the place. That place in the *Hebrew language has the name Armageddon.

v17 The seventh (7th) *angel poured the contents of his bowl into the air. God spoke with a loud voice from the *throne in the *temple. He said, ‘The end has come.’ v18 Then there were flashes of lightning, noises, *thunder and a great *earthquake. This was the worst *earthquake since man has been on the earth. It was so powerful. v19 The force caused the important city to split into three parts. It destroyed the cities of the nations. And God remembered the great city called Babylon. Babylon was like a woman who had to drink the cup full of wine. And God forced her to drink the wine. That wine means the fierce anger of God. v20 All the islands vanished from sight and all the mountains disappeared. v21 Huge stones of ice fell from the sky onto the people. Each of these *hailstones weighed about 100 pounds (45 kilos). And the people cursed God because of this *hail and because it was so terrible.

Verse 1 God did not allow anybody to enter the *temple in heaven at this time (15:8). The voice that John heard came from the *temple. It was loud. And it had great authority. It was the voice of God.

God told the 7 *angels to go and to empty the bowls on the earth. The bowls contained the anger of God. In other words, the people would know how angry God was because of the bowls. When each *angel poured each bowl, there would be terrible troubles on the earth. It was as if the bowls contained the actual troubles.

The *angels went and they poured out their bowls. They went one after another with no time between them.

Verse 2 The *angel poured out the first bowl of the anger of God. Those who had the mark of the *beast suffered much pain. They had terrible sores on their skin.

At the end of time, all people will have to be loyal either to the *beast or to Christ. The anger of God is against those loyal to the *beast.

Verse 3 The next *angel poured his bowl over the sea. The water became like blood. Nothing that depended on the sea could live. All that was in the sea died.

Verse 4 The third *angel poured his bowl on the fresh water. All the rivers and streams became blood. The water was not good to drink. It was bitter to the taste and full of poison.

Verses 5-6 The *angel who had power over the water spoke to God. He first declared who God is. He is the holy God and there is none like him. He is the living God and he always was. He is perfect. And all that he does is right.

God was right to send all these troubles onto the earth. The people deserved them all. They had killed so many of God’s people. They had killed the *prophets that God had sent to them.

The blood of the *Lord’s people had flowed when the evil people killed them. Now God gave to the evil people blood to drink. God was right to do so and they deserved it.

Verse 7 John heard a voice from the *altar in heaven. This voice agreed with the *angel. The *Lord God is the God of all power. He is the judge of the people. He is right to punish them as he did. They were evil people and they were guilty of many crimes.

Verses 8-9 With the contents of the fourth bowl, the heat of the sun increased. It became so hot that it burned people.

The people knew that these troubles came from God. God sent them to warn the people. They should have turned from their *sin and they should have cried out to God. They should have praised God who had such power. Instead, they cursed God. They did not turn from their *sin. They did not praise God.

Verse 10 The *throne of the *beast means all that he ruled. The whole of his *kingdom became dark. There was no light. The dark was completely black. The darkness made the people’s pains feel much worse. So, the people bit their tongues because of the pain.

Verse 11 They had terrible pain, but the people would not turn from their *sin. They knew that God ruled in heaven. But, they would not call out for God to help them. They would not praise him or serve him as their God. They cursed God because of all that they suffered.

Verse 12 The River Euphrates was the boundary of the land that God promised to Abraham (Genesis 15:18). This big river became dry. This made it easy for those who would come from the east to cross over it. The kings of the east were ready for war. They would come across the river for the great final battle.

Verse 13 John saw three *demons. They came out of the mouths of the *dragon, the *beast and the false *prophet. The *dragon was the devil and *Satan (Revelation 12:9). The *beast was the *Antichrist that came out of the sea (Revelation 13:1-10). The false *prophet was the second *beast that came out of the earth (Revelation 13:11-17).

Verse 14 These *demons went to all the kings of the earth. By their astonishing deeds, they were able to persuade the kings to come together. The kings brought their armies to fight against the *Lord. On the day, which God had fixed, there will be the final great battle. The armies of the world will fight against the forces of God.

Verse 15 The forces of the devil will gather for the final battle. Then, when they do not expect him, Jesus will come.

The *Lord says that he will come like a thief. Paul wrote that the day of the *Lord would come like a thief in the night (1 Thessalonians 5:2). Nobody knows when he will come. He will come but it will be a surprise to all the people.

Those who trust in the *Lord must be ready for this great event. The *Lord describes them like soldiers before the command to go into a battle. Such a soldier has his clothes ready for the battle. And he has his sword ready to put on. So, God’s people must prepare themselves for Jesus to come. They must expect him and they must be ready for him.

Those who are not ready will be ashamed. They will be like soldiers with no clothes to protect them. Or, like soldiers without any weapons (arms) to fight their enemy.

Verse 16 Armageddon or Megiddo is a place in *Israel. There is a large plain there. There have been many battles in that area.

The *demons brought the kings of the earth to this place. There they made their armies ready to fight against the *Lord. John tells about this battle in chapter 19.

The armies will spread out over a large area. But the centre will be in or near Megiddo.

Verse 17 The seventh (7th) *angel poured out his bowl of God’s anger into the air. This is the last one. The voice of God came from the *throne in the *temple of heaven. With a loud voice, God shouts that the end has come. With this bowl, he will complete his acts of anger on the earth.

Verse 18 At the sound of God’s voice, the air and the earth seemed to explode. There were flashes of lightning. There were loud crashes of *thunder in the skies. And the most powerful *earthquake shook the earth. There had not been such a terrible *earthquake since God made the earth.

Verse 19 This great *earthquake shook the whole world. There had been no *earthquake as powerful as this since the world began. Cities all over the world fell and the important city split into three. All the nations on earth suffered the effects of this great *earthquake.

The important city that split into three seems to mean Babylon. Babylon was a city on the Euphrates. It was the heart (most important place) of evil practices. Babylon may become powerful again, and perhaps this verse refers to it. But it is more likely that the name Babylon describes another wicked city. This city will be the most important city for religion and trade. Some people believe that Rome will be that city at the time of the end. It was the greatest city in the world at the time when John wrote the Book of Revelation. It would have been dangerous for him to name it then.

God poured out his anger on Babylon as someone would pour out wine. God was so angry that he destroyed that great city.

John writes about the *ruin of Babylon in the next two chapters.

Verse 20 Islands sank into the sea. Mountains fell down and disappeared. That *earthquake changed the whole surface of the earth.

Verse 21 The storm of God’s anger caused *hailstones to fall from the sky. These were like great blocks of ice. Some weighed nearly 100 pounds (45 kilos). Even this did not persuade people to turn to God. Instead, they cursed God for the terrible storm.

The next event after this will be when Christ comes from heaven (Revelation 19:11). The next two and a half chapters give more detail of the events that have just happened.”